E-ISSN 2587-0831
Original Article
Frequency of Rearrangements Versus Small Indels Mutations in BRCA1 and BRCA2 Genes in Turkish Patients with High Risk Breast and Ovarian Cancer
1 Department of Cancer Genetics, Oncology Institute, University of Istanbul, İstanbul, Turkey  
2 Department of Radiation Oncology, Oncology Institute, University of Istanbul, İstanbul, Turkey  
3 Department of Medical Oncology, Oncology Institute, University of Istanbul, İstanbul, Turkey  
Eur J Breast Health 2018; 14: 93-99
DOI: 10.5152/ejbh.2017.3799
Key Words: High-risk breast and ovarian carcinoma, BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes, rearrangements, Turkish population
Abstract

 

Objective: The current rearrangement ratio of BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes is not known in the Turkish population. Rearrangements are not routinely investigated in many Turkish laboratories. This creates problems and contradictions between clinics. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate the distribution and frequency of rearrangements in BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes in high-risk families and to clarify the limits of BRCA1 and BRCA2 testing in Turkey.

 

Materials and Methods: The study included 1809 patients at high risk of breast cancer or ovarian cancer. All patients were investigated for both small indels and rearrangements of BRCA genes using DNA sequencing and multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA) analysis.

 

Results: The overall frequency of rearrangements was 2% (25/1262). The frequency of rearrangements was 1.7% (18/1086) and 4% (9/206) in patients with breast cancer and ovarian cancer, respectively. The frequency of rearrangements was 3.7% (8/215) in patients with triple-negative breast cancer. The rearrangement rate was 7.7% (2/26) in patients with both breast and ovarian cancer.

 

Conclusions: Rearrangements were found with high rates and were strongly associated with bilateral and triple-negative status of patients with breast cancer, which are signs of high risk for breast and ovarian cancer. Analysis of rearrangements should definitely be included in routine clinical practice in Turkey for high-risk families and also for improved cancer risk prediction for families.

 

Cite this article as: Yazıcı H, Kılıç S, Akdeniz D, Şükrüoğlu Ö, Tuncer ŞB, Avşar M, Kuru G, Çelik B, Küçücük S, Saip P. Frequency of Rearrangements Versus Small Indels Mutations in BRCA1 and BRCA2 Genes in Turkish Patients with High Risk Breast and Ovarian Cancer. Eur J Breast Health 2018; 14: 93-99.

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