E-ISSN 2587-0831
1 Department of Public Health Nursing, Ege University School of Nursing, İzmir, Turkey  
2 Department of Public Health Nursing, Çankırı Karatekin University School of Health Sciences, Çankırı, Turkey  
Eur J Breast Health ; : -



Objective: This study aims to measure the validity and reliability of Turkish male breast self-examination (MBSE) instrument.


Materials and Methods: The methodological study was performed in 2016 at Ege University, Faculty of Nursing, İzmir, Turkey. The MBSE includes ten steps. For validity studies, face validity, content validity, and construct validity (exploratory factor analysis) were done. For reliability study, Kuder Richardson was calculated.


Results: The content validity index was found to be 0.94. Kendall W coefficient was 0.80 (p=0.551). The total variance explained by the two factors was found to be 63.24%. Kuder Richardson 21 was done for reliability study and found to be 0.97 for the instrument. The final instrument included 10 steps and two stages.


Conclusions: The Turkish version of MBSE is a valid and reliable instrument for early diagnose. The MBSE can be used in Turkish speaking countries and cultures with two stages and 10 steps.


Cite this article as: Erkin Ö, Göl İ. Validity and Reliability of Turkish Male Breast Self-Examination Instrument. Eur J Breast Health 2018.

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