E-ISSN 2587-0831
Original Article
Predictive Power of PEN-3 Model Constructs in Breast Cancer Screening Behaviors among Teachers: A Cross- Sectional Study in Central Iran
1 Research Committee, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran  
2 Department of Health Education and Health Promotion, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran  
3 Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran  
Eur J Breast Health 2019; 15: 105-110
DOI: 10.5152/ejbh.2019.4417
Key Words: Breast cancer screening, PEN-3 model, teacher, Iran
Abstract

Objective: Identifying the factors influencing screening is necessary to promote early detection of breast cancer. This study aims to determine the predictive power of PEN-3 model structures in breast cancer screening behaviors among teachers of Isfahan city in Iran.

 

Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 192 female teachers in Isfahan selected by the multi-stage random sampling method. A questionnaire based on PEN-3 model was used for data collection. Statistical analysis was conducted using SPSS version 20 (multiple linear regression analysis, independent t-test, Pearson correlation coefficient), and p<0.05 was considered statistically significant.

 

Results: The mean score of behavior, perceptual, enabling and nurturer factors in early detection of breast cancer was 36.5±30.5, 74.6±8.9, 65.5±19.9 and 68.1±20.7, respectively. The mean score of behavior in early detection of breast cancer in women with individual and familial history of breast disease was significantly higher than that of those who did not have such history. Perceptual and nurturer factors as the best predictors of screening behaviors were associated with screening behaviors.

 

Conclusion: The study results indicate that nurturer and perceptual factors were the best predictors of breast cancer screening behaviors among teachers. Therefore, attention to these constructs in developing educational interventions is highly recommended.

 

Cite this article as: Shoushtari Moghaddam E, Shahnazi H, Hassanzadeh A. Predictive Power of PEN-3 Model Constructs in Breast Cancer Screening Behaviors among Teachers: A Cross- Sectional Study in Central Iran. Eur J Breast Health 2019; 15(2): 105-110.

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