E-ISSN 2587-0831
Original Article
Roles of Biopsychosocial Factors in the Development of Breast Cancer
1 Department of Consultation Liaison Psychiatry, İstanbul Faculty of Medicine, İstanbul University, İstanbul, Turkey  
2 Department of Public Health, İstanbul Faculty of Medicine, İstanbul University, İstanbul, Turkey  
3 Breast Health Center, İstanbul Florence Nightingale Hospital, İstanbul, Turkey  
4 Department of Radiation Oncology, İstanbul Bilim University, İstanbul, Turkey  
5 Department of Pathology, Gayrettepe Florence Nightingale Hospital, İstanbul, Turkey  
6 Department of Psychiatry, İstanbul Bilim University School of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey  
7 Department of General Surgery, İstanbul Mehmet Akif Ersoy Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery Training and Research Hospital, İstanbul, Turkey  
8 Radiation Oncology Center,Gayrettepe Florence Nightingale Hospital, İstanbul, Turkey  
9 Department of Medical Oncology, İstanbul Haseki Training and Research Hospital, İstanbul, Turkey  
10 Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation Center, İstanbul Florence Nightingale Hospital, İstanbul, Turkey  
11 Department of Medical Oncology, Oncology Institute, İstanbul University, İstanbul, Turkey  
12 Department of General Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, İstanbul University, İstanbul, Turkey  
Eur J Breast Health 2017; 13: 206-212
DOI: 10.5152/ejbh.2017.3519
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Key Words: Breast cancer, coping, psychosocial stress, risk factors, social support
Abstract

Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the roles of biopsychosocial risk factors in the development of breast cancer.

 

Materials and methods: This hospital-based case-control study included 491 women with breast cancer (study group) and 512 women who did not have cancer or other serious diseases (control group). Biological, psychological, and social risk factors were compared between the two groups. Data were collected using the semi-structured interview, the Stress Assessment Form, and the Coping Strategy Indicator to assess these factors.

 

Results: When the significantly different biopsychosocial variables between the study and the control groups were evaluated together, independent breast cancer risk factors were found as follows: a stressor experienced in the last 5 years, age 40 years and older, inadequate social support perception, use of avoidance coping strategy, being a housewife, having a family history of cancer, and having a body mass index ≥25.

 

 

Conclusion: This study showed a relationship between breast cancer risk and manageable variables (obesity, stressor and coping strategy, social support, and employment status), age and family history of cancer, which are biopsychosocial factors. Biopsychosocial aspects are becoming a greater part of many different healthcare systems.

 

 

Cite this article as: Özkan M, Yıldırım N, Dişçi R, İlgün AS, Sarsenov D, Alço G, Aktepe F, Kalyoncu N, İzci F, Selamoğlu D, Ordu Ç, Pilancı KN, İyigün Erdoğan Z, Eralp Y, Özmen V. Roles of Biopsychosocial Factors in the Development of Breast Cancer. Eur J Breast Health 2017; 13: 206-212. 

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AVES | Copyright © 2017 Turkish Federation of Breast Diseases Associations | Latest Update: 27.09.2017